Will the PPA's replace existing PA's?
The existing Protected Area Network (PAN) clearly demarcates
the forest areas within which there are legal and administrative
binding and restrictions as per the Wild life Protection Act,1972.
PPA on the other hand is the epitome of decentralization and
devolution of forest managment. Addressing the felt need of
the people, particularly in buffer zone, fringe areas and
corridors of National Parks and Sancturies, PPAs will provide
much needed security to the PAs.
It is reiterated that the underlying philosophy of the People's
Protected Areas (PPA) is evolving Sustainable Livelihood Approach
with Biodiversity Conservation (SLAB).
How PPA is different from Eco-development?
Eco-development is alternative income generation and exclusionary
conservation approach for reducing the negative impact of
the people on PA. The inbuilt denial and deprivation of natural
endowment results in 'passive participation'.
How PPA is different from Joint Forest Managment (JFM)?
The Government of india Resolution on JFM (June, 1990) provided
for involvement of village communities in regeneration of
degraded forests on the basis of sharing benefits and forest
protection responsibilities.(The GOI Resolution, February
2000 has extended this to cover good forests also but the
modalities are yet to be worked out). Thus, JFM has been perceived
as a forest department programme in which people participate.
Whereas PPA involves a paradigm shift from forest managment
to Eco-system managment in which socio-economic well being
of the people is the goal and forests are viewed as a means
to achieve it.
In the ultimate analysis, PPA is a people's programme; owned
and managed by them and the state acting as a facilitator