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Biodiversity encompasses a variety of plants and animals, microorganisms as well as the eco-systems and ecological processes to which they belong. Biodiversity is part of our lives and livelihood and comprises the resources upon which families, communities, nations and the future generations depend.

Biodiversity with vast array of essential services, especially the tangible economic benefits in terms of edible, medicinal and commercial raw material provides a natural foundation for food, heath and livelihood security of human being .The role and importance of biodiversity in maintaining the life support system is better understood now and for its in-situ conservation, Protected Areas (PAs) have been established across the globe.

International Convention of Biodiversity (CBD) , to which India is a signatory, recognizes that the most effective and practical way of preserving biological diversity and ecological processes that modulate various other life processes, is the establishment of Protected Areas Network (PAN)

In India, the PA network has been largely targeted on faunal aspects, envisaging exclusion of anthropogenic pressure from the forests. However, poor people may not conserve biodiversity if the process of conservation competes with their survival needs.

The ground reality is that the ecological security of the protected Areas (PAs), divorced from livelihood security of the people, has no future.The organic link between the conservation and sustainable utilization by the dependent people will require a resilient and adaptive management which can reconcile the dichotomy of threat perceptions arising out of conservation-develoment orthodoxy by taking into account the human sensitivities in terms of the felt needs of the people, their social norms, beliefs and systems borne out of history, culture and traditions.

To conjugate the above premise with developmental process, the concept of People's Protected Area which may also be termed as the Poor People's Pool Of Assets , has emerged, which aims at facilitating poor people's access to physical, material, human, social and environmental assets.

The people's Protected Areas are in consonance with the IUCN category VI which delineate sites containing predominantly unmodified natural systems, under management to ensure the long term protection and maintenance of biological diversity, whilst providing at the same time a sustainable flow of natural products and services to meet local community needs.
Diagrammatically, capital base of PPAs is depicted below :

  • India is one off the twelve mega-diversity countries of the world.

  • Madhya pradesh with 9.38% geographical area of the country accounts for 12.44% of the country's forests.

  • 31% of the geographical area of the state amounting to 9.5 million hectares is under forests.

  • A state Biodiversity Board has been constituted under the chairmanship of Hon'ble chief Minister , Madhya Pradesh President with Dr. M.S. Swaminathan as advisor.

  • The Dry and Moist Deciduous Tropical Forests which are abundant in the state,are estremely rich in terms Of both floral and faunal biodiversity.

  • MP has got approximately 800 Tigers which account for 19% tiger population of the world.

  • The Faunal Biodiversity in the country is managed as per provisions of the wild Life Protection Act,1972[as Amended in 1990]. This however, does not provide for sharing of the faunal resources with the user groups.

  • Floral biodiversity has largely become an Open Access Resource [QAR] resulting in degradation and extinction of some of the Highly valuable an important species of ecological and economic significance.The state has initiated to convert these Open Access Resources into Community Controlled Natural Resources.

  • Nonetheless wide variety of medicinal plants and other economically important NWFP is still available in the state.

  • The state has involved more than 2000 village level committees and 1066 primary cooperative Societies for managing the forests and forest resources.

  • The state is now taking initiatives towards conserving propagating and

Biodiversity is the foundation for progress in strengthening food, health and livelihood security. Biodiversity is also the feedback for modern bio-technology. industry. Effectively used, it can become a major instrument for economic prosperity of the state as well as communities.
                                                           Madhya Pradesh Biodiversity Board


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